Purpose and Objectives
The University of West Alabama
Athletic Training and Sports Medicine Center was established in 1986 to organize
and formalize efforts toward improvement of athletic health care in West Alabama
through education. In order to reach this goal several objectives must be
accomplished which include:
Increasing the knowledge of coaches, physicians, and other personnel in the
field of athletic training and sports medicine through both formal and
Improving relationships between coaches, administrators, parents, athletes,
local family/team physicians and other medical support personnel by promoting
the team approach to athletic health care;
Producing graduates that may be employed as teacher/certified athletic
trainers in area secondary schools; and
Encouraging the hiring of
certified athletic trainers by area secondary schools through public
The Center is staffed primarily by eight full time certified athletic
trainers, six graduate assistant athletic trainers and approximately forty
athletic training students. Support personnel include orthopaedists, family
practice physicians, physical therapists, exercise physiologists, biomechanists,
health & physical educators, and others in related areas.
The following services and programs are
provided through the Center:
Injury Prevention through the following:
strengthening, and flexibility programs;
proper selection, care and
fitting of equipment and supplies such as helmets, shoulder pads, shoes, and
protective padding, taping,
splinting, and bracing; and
recognition of pre-existing
conditions in pre-participation physical examinations.
Evaluation, and Referral, by the
communication with the
athlete as to the history of how, when, where, and what happened when the
specific questioning about
pre-existing problems and conditions before the injury;
modern "hands on" examination
and evaluation techniques; and
utilizing the current
standards of care and recognizing the indications for referring athletic
injuries to the team/family physician or appropriate sports medicine
Injury Management and
Treatment by means of the following:
modern primary care
techniques utilizing ice, compression, elevation, support and relative rest;
working with the local
family/team physicians in day-to-day treatment protocols;
regular re-evaluation of
signs and symptoms to insure appropriate management; and
secondary care techniques of
cryotherapy, exercise, compression, heat, massage, support, taping, and
Injury Rehabilitation, utilizing the following:
modern and safe techniques
using appropriate exercise to maintain and improve range of motion,
flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular strength, proprioception and
specific protocols, designed
for specific injuries and conditions; and
regular re-evaluation of
progress to insure changes in the rehabilitation program as indicated.
Administration of Athletic Training Programs, including the following:
setting up and organizing
pre-participation physical examinations;
guidance in designing a new
facility or renovating existing facilities to accommodate athletic training
services and/or the athletic trainer;
working with local physicians
as appropriate in securing a team physician; and
guidance in the selection of
athletic training supplies and equipment.
Education and Counseling which encompass the following:
guidance to athletes,
coaches, and parents in the areas of conditioning, flexibility,
diet/nutrition, and similar areas;
both credit and non-credit courses
in the area of athletic training and sports medicine;
serving as a resource center
for information and advice regarding athletic health care; and
providing athletic trainers,
physicians, and other qualified personnel to speak to parent/teacher groups,
boosters, and service clubs.
THREE PHASE PROGRAM
The Center offers
three different levels of athletic training services to area secondary schools.
The first phase, Introductory, allows for injured students to be referred
to the Center for athletic training services.
Event coverage is not usually provided through this phase.
Enrollment in this phase is not limited and is open to any school or
program. The second phase, Developmental,
provides for a University athletic trainer to visit school campuses regularly to
help develop and improve the total athletic health care program.
The Comprehensive Phase is primarily for those schools and programs that
already have regular daily access to a
NATABOC certified athletic trainer, but would prefer continued
support and use of the Centerís services.
Please see the detailed description of each phase for further details.
This phase establishes a relationship that
allows the Center to provide assistance, advice, information, and educational
services to the secondary school.
The services and programs of the Center are available to the secondary school
athlete by visits to The University of West Alabama Campus.
Coaches, parents, principals, physicians, and other personnel from the
school may request services by contacting one of the University athletic
trainers at the Center. Referral of
injured athletes for evaluation, further referral, management, and
rehabilitation advice should be made in advance by telephone.
Communication between coaches, parents, principals, boosters, and other
personnel is emphasized.
The Center does not provide athletic trainers for game
coverage or other visits to the secondary school.
One of the University athletic trainers may visit the
school on rare occasions but not more than a few times annually
There is a $130.00 charge for these services to defray expenses
for expendable supplies, materials, postage, duplication, and
telephone. This phase is
subject to the availability of staff and facilities.
The University of West Alabama Varsity athletic program
and other University programs receive first priority in terms of
staff and facility usage.
The developmental phase consists of
the Center providing University athletic trainers to visit
school campuses regularly to help develop and improve the total
athletic health care program.
This phase involves The University of West Alabama
athletic trainers accompanied by UWA athletic training students
working directly with the administration, coaching staff and
local physicians in many ways to bring about improvements in the
schoolís athletic health care program.
During these visits to the secondary school, the University
athletic trainers, in an advisory capacity, will be able to
assist in evaluation, referral, treatment, and rehabilitation of
It is emphasized that assistance is provided in strictly
an advisory capacity and is not designed to and does not in any
way relieve the school of its legal responsibility for providing
athletic injury/illness prevention, evaluation, treatment, and
rehabilitation for its student athletes.
University athletic trainers will focus on educating the
school's primary athletic injury contact person(s) through
regular contact and consultation concerning athletic
Injured athletes may still be referred to the Center at The
University of West Alabama, if necessary.
Additional services provided by The University of West Alabama
athletic trainers during these visits include the following:
Work directly with the administration, coaching staff and
local physicians in numerous ways to bring about
improvements in the schoolís athletic health care program;
In an advisory capacity, assist in evaluation, referral,
treatment, and rehabilitation of athletic
Education for the school's primary athletic injury contact
person(s) through regular contact and consultation
concerning athletic injuries/illnesses;
Assist in the referral of injured/ill athletes to the UWA
ATSMC, local physicians, appropriate sports medicine
physicians and other allied health care/medical personnel as
Provide some limited athletic training services to assist
with immediate care to injured athletes for local games and
practices to the extent that time and personnel allow.
Assist in developing a good working relationship between the
secondary school athletic program and local team/family
physicians, with other health care professionals; developing
and administering educational conferences and courses for
coaches, physicians, and other persons interested in the
field of athletic training and sports medicine;
Assist in obtaining a team physician for the athletic
Assist in securing ambulance and Emergency Medical
Technician coverage at local football games and events;
Coordinate and arrange for more complete and improved
pre-participation physical examinations administered by
qualified medical personnel, including a thorough medical
history, to be kept on file;
Assist in securing and developing a room or area for
athletic training (athletic training room or dedicated
space) in the schools;
Assist in equipping and stocking the athletic training area
with various modalities and supplies needed through local
donors and expenditure advisement;
Make presentations to parent/teacher groups, boosters,
service clubs, and other groups to increase local commitment
toward improving athletic health care and hiring an athletic
Assist the administration of each school in developing
criteria and standards for hiring an NATABOC certified
There is an annual fee, based upon membership and distance from
UWA, for each school to participate in this phase.
The fee, maintained in a special account at the
University, will be used to cover travel, mailing, duplicating,
special supplies, and other administrative expenses related to
the school's participation in this phase.
This fee is not intended for the purchase of supplies for
the high school.
Certain sports medicine conferences may have a reduced
registration fee for coaches, athletic injury care personnel,
and student athletic trainers from schools participating in this
The comprehensive phase is for
schools that are self-sufficient in terms of most athletic
health care needs by having actually employed an
NATABOC certified athletic
trainer and securing a team physician.
The Center is available to assist in recruiting and selecting
candidates for the position.
Once a certified athletic trainer is hired, the Center is
Assist in evaluation and referral of special problems;
Provide continued educational support for the entire
athletic health care program;
Provide continuing education conferences for the coach,
athletic trainer, team physician, and emergency medical
Assist in filling the athletic training position should a
In the comprehensive phase all services and programs of the
Center are available as in the introductory phase.
There is a $130.00 charge for this phase to defray
expenses for expendable supplies, materials, postage,